The word Jacobite comes from Jacobus, the latin form of James, so literally meant a supporter of the line of James. James VI of Scotland, from the House of Stewart (or Stuart, the French spelling) was crowned King of England in 1603 and the Stuarts reigned over both Scotland and England until the death of Queen Anne in 1714.
James VII (and II) was forced to abdicate in favour of his daughter, Mary, and her husband William of Orange. James' son was still a minor when Anne succeeded and, at her death, he was passed over for the Protestant George I of Hanover. Two Jacobite risings on behalf of James and his son, Charles Edward Stuart - popularly known as 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' - failed to overthrow the next Hanoverian George II.
By the time of the death of Bonnie Prince Charlie's brother, Henry, Cardinal Duke of York, support for the Jacobite cause had waned and few regarded anyone but George III as the natural successor.
The West Highland Museum has an outstanding collection of objects relating to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite Cause. Have a look at our featured objects and enjoy their stories.
We are finding that fans of the Outlander books and TV series are making our Museum a 'must see' destination to learn more about the Jacobites and we can give them an excellent insight. As a guide we have produced this Outlander leaflet.
This framed print has the following carved as its dedication 'A representation of the March of the Guards towards Scotland in the Year 1745. To His Majesty the King of Prussia, an Encourager of Arts and Sciences! This Plate is most humbly Dedicated.'
Hogarth himself is to us today one of the most notable satirists of his time. This print, showing the English soldiers heading north to confront the Jacobite forces as an undisciplined band of drunken lecherous thieves, would have pleased Frederick II, the King of Prussia greatly. He was a 'prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire', and at the time of this printing, had not yet made his alliance with Great Britain at the Convention of Westminster.